Merritt Ruhlen
  Publications:
  1975. A Guide to the Languages of the World. Stanford.
  1976. “The Geographical and Genetic Distribution of Linguistic Features,” in Linguistic Studies
Offered to Joseph Greenberg
, Vol. 1, ed. by Alphonse Juilland, Saratoga, Anma Libri, 137–60.
  1987a. “Voices from the Past,” Natural History 96: 6–10.
  1987b. A Guide to the World’s Languages, Vol. 1: Classification. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  1989. “Nostratic-Amerind Cognates,” in Reconstructing Languages and Cultures, ed. by Vitaly
Shevoroshkin
, Bochum, Studienverlag Dr. Norbert Brockmeyer, 75–83.
  1990. “Phylogenetic Relations of Native American Languages,” in Prehistoric Mongoloid Dispersals,
No. 7, Tokyo, University Museum, University of Tokyo, 75–96.
  1991a. “Postscript 1991,” in the paperback edition of 1987b.
  1991b. “The Amerind Phylum and the Prehistory of the New World,” in Sprung from Some Common
Source
, ed. by Sydney M. Lamb and E. Douglas Mitchell, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 328–
50.
  1992a. “An Overview of Genetic Classification,” in The Evolution of Human Languages, Santa Fe
Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, vol. 10, ed. by John A. Hawkins and Murray Gell-
Mann, Redwood City, CA, Addison-Wesley, 159–89.
1992b. “Linguistic Origins of Native Americans” (with Joseph H. Greenberg), Scientific American Vol.
267, No. 5 (November), 94–99.
  1994a. The Origin of Language. New York: John Wiley.
  1994b. On the Origin of Languages: Studies in Linguistic Taxonomy. Stanford: Stanford University
Press.
“Khoisan Etymologies,” pp. 45–69.
“Proto-Yeniseian Reconstructions, with Extra-Yeniseian Comparisons” (with Sergei Starostin), pp 70–
92.
“Na-Dene Etymologies,” pp. 93–110.
“Is Algonquian Amerind?,” pp. 111–26.
“A Semantic Index to Greenberg’s Amerind Etymologies,” pp. 127–55.
“Additional Amerind Etymologies,” pp. 156–82.
“Amerind T’A?NA ‘Child, Sibling,” pp.183–206.
“The Linguistic Origins of Native Americans,” pp. 207–41.
“Amerind MALIQ’A ‘Swallow, Throat’ and Its Origin in the Old World,” pp. 242–51.
“First- and Second-Person Pronouns in the World’s Languages,” pp. 252–60.
“The Origin of Language: Retrospective and Prospective,” pp. 261– 76.
“Global Etymologies” (with John Bengtson), pp. 277–336.
  1994c. “Evolution of Language,” in Encyclopedia of Time, ed. by SamMacey, New York, Garland.
  1994d. “Linguistic Evidence for the Peopling of the Americas,” in Method and Theory for Investigating
the Peopling of the Americas
, ed. by Robson Bonnichsen and D. Gentry Steele, Corvallis, Oregon,
Center for the Study of the First Americans, 177–88.
  1994e. “Plus ¸ca change, plus c’est lamˆemechose,” Mother Tongue 23: 72–73.    
1994f. Review of Linguistic Diversity in Space and Time, by Johanna Nichols, Anthropos 89: 640–41.
  1995a. “A Note on Amerind Pronouns,” Mother Tongue 24: 60–61.
  1995b. “Proto-Amerind *QETS’ ‘Left (Hand),’ ” Mother Tongue 24: 69–70.
  1995c. “On the Origin of the Amerind Pronominal Pattern,” in In Honor of William S.-Y. Wang, ed.
by Matthew Y. Chen and Ovid J. L. Tzeng, Taipei, Pyramid Press, 405–407.
  1995d. “Proto-Amerind Numerals,” Anthropological Science (Tokyo) 103:209–25.
  1995e. “Worldwide Analysis of Genetic and Linguistic Relationships of Human Populations” (with
Jiangtian Chen and Robert R. Sokal),
Human Biology 67: 595–612.
  1995f. “Linguistic Evidence for Human Prehistory,” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 5: 265–68.
  1996a. A origem da linguagem. Lisbon: Circulo de Leitores. [Portuguese translation of 1994a]
  1996b. “Multi-Regional Evolution or ‘Out of Africa’?: The Linguistic Evidence,” in Prehistoric
Dispersals of Mongoloid Peoples
, ed. by Takeru Akazawa and Em˝oke J. E. Szathmary, Oxford,
Oxford University Press, 52–65.
  1996c. “Language Origins,” National Forum 76: 28–30.
  1997a. L’origine des langues. Paris: Belin. [French translation of 1994a]
  1997b. “Une nouvelle famille de langues: le d´en´e-caucasien,” Pour la Science (Dossier, October), 68–
73.
  1997c. “L’origine linguistique des Am´erindiens” (with Joseph H. Greenberg), Pour la Science (Dossier,
October), 84–89.
  1997d. “Proto-Amerind *KAPA ‘Finger, Hand’ and Its Origin in the Old World,” in Indo-European,
Nostratic, and Beyond: Festschrift for Vitalij V. Shevoroshkin
, ed. by Ir´enHeged˝ us, Peter A.
Michalove, and Alexis Manester Ramer, Washington, D.C., Institute for the Study of Man, 320–25.
  1998a. “Toutes parentes, toutes diff´erentes,” La Recherche 306 (February), 68–75.
  1998b. “Dene-Caucasian: A New Linguistic Family,” in The Origins and Past of Modern Humans—
Towards Reconciliation
, ed. by Keiichi Omoto and Phillip V. Tobias, Singapore,World Scientific, 231–
46.
1998c. “The Origin of the Na-Dene,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95: 13994–96.
  2000a. “Why ‘kaka’ and ‘aya’?,” in Functional Approaches to Language, Culture and Cognition, ed. by
David Lockwood, Peter H. Fries, and James Copeland, Amsterdam, John Benjamins, 521–25.
  2000b. “Some Unanswered Linguistic Questions?,” in America Past, America Present: Genes and
Languages in the Americas and Beyond
, ed. by Colin Renfrew, Cambridge, Eng., McDonald Institute
for Archaeological Research, 163–75.
  2001a. “Il Dene-caucasico: una nuova famiglia linguistica,” Pluriverso 2: 76–85.
  2001b. L’origine delle lingue. Milan: Adelphi Edizione, Biblioteca Scientifica 31. [Italian translation of
1994a]
  2001c. “Nuove prospettive sull’origine delle lingue,” in Le radici prime dell’Europa, ed. by Gianluca
Bocchi and Mauro Ceruti, Milan, Bruno Mondadori, 265–83.
  2001d. “Taxonomic Controversies in the Twentieth Century,” in New Essays on the Origin of
Language
, ed. by J ¨ urgen Trabant and Sean Ward, Berlin, Mouton de Gruyter, 197–214.
  2001e. “Genetic Classification of Languages,” in the International Encyclopedia of the Social and
Behavioral Sciences
, ed. by Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, Oxford, Pergamon, 8373–78.
2003. “African Y-chromosome and mtDNA Divergence Provides Insight into the History of Click
Languages” (with Alec Knight, Peter A. Underhill, Holly M. Mortensen, Lev A. Zhivotovsky, Alice A.
Lin, Brenna M. Henn, Dorothy Louis, and Johanna L. Mountain),
Current Biology 13: 464–73.
2004a. “Linguistic Evidence for Human Origins,” in Human Evolutionary Genetics: Origins, Peoples &
Disease
, ed. by Mark A. Jobling, Matthew Hurles, and Chris Tyler-Smith, New York, Garland
Science, 5–6.
2004b. “Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific Language in Nepal” (with Paul Whitehouse, Timothy Usher, and
William S-Y. Wang),
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101: 5692–5695.
2004c. “On the Amerind Origin of the Proto-Algonquian Numeral Suffix *-a…ˇsyeka,” in Traces of
Ancestry: Studies in Honour of Colin Renfrew
, ed. by Martin Jones, Cambridge, Eng., McDonald
Institute for Archaeological Research, 139–42.
2005. “Taxonomy, Typology and Historical Linguistics,” in Language Acquisition, Change and
Emergence
, ed. by James W. Minnet and William S.-Y.Wang, Hong Kong, City University of Hong
Kong Press, 341–68.
  2007. L’origine des langues, 2nd edition, with a new Postscript. Paris: Gallimard.